What are the different types of orthopaedic surgeons?
What are the different types of orthopaedic surgeons?
Orthopaedic surgeons specialize in diagnosing and treating orthopaedic issues. There are many types and specialties of orthopaedic surgery. A general orthopaedic doctor is the most common. This means that they do not specialize in any one area. This surgeon can perform any type of procedure, including spinal surgery and knee surgery. Specialists include pediatric orthopaedics and hand and upper-limb surgery, sports medicine, and trauma surgery.
What are the most common types of orthopedic surgery in Cape town?
Any operation that affects the musculoskeletal systems is called an orthopedic surgery. It includes your bones, muscles and ligaments as well as joints, tendons, and other supporting structures. There are three types of orthopedic surgery. The traditional procedures are being challenged by minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery, which promises less pain and faster recovery.
Let’s look at some of the most common orthopedic procedures.
Joint Replacement Procedures. These surgeries replace an injured joint with prosthetics. They are one of the most popular orthopedic operations. Hip and knee replacements are two of the most common joint replacement procedures. Because these procedures are very risky, it is crucial that patients be monitored for any signs of complications. There are two possible outcomes: the implant could fail, or the materials used to make it may get into the bloodstream and cause a toxic condition called metalosis.
Revision Joint surgery. An implant that has failed may need to be removed and a new one installed. When an implant is damaged or has become unusable, revision surgeries may be necessary.
Debridement. When tissue has died and needs to be removed so that healing can take place, doctors use a debridement process. Sometimes, bone may also be removed in certain cases.
Spinal Fusion. A spinal fusion is a procedure that joins the vertebrae to strengthen the spine and repair any damage. has more information about spinal surgery.
Bone Fusion. Similar to spinal fusions. Bone fusions use grafting fractured bone together so they can heal.
Soft tissue repairs. These procedures are for torn ligaments and tendons.
Internal Fixation for Bones. This surgery places broken bones together and holds them in place with pins, screws, or plates. Sometimes, the devices may remain within the body.
Osteotomy. This type of surgery is required for children with bone deformities.
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Common areas of the body that require orthopedic surgery
These are the most common areas that may require orthopedic surgery.
Wrists. Most wrist surgeries are performed for the release of Carpal Tunnel or fracture of the distal radius.
Ankle fractures. Fractures to the ankle are common injuries in sports. These are common workplace injuries for workers who are at high risk of falling from heights or are exposed too trip hazards.
Hips. Most common hip procedures include the repair of the trochanteric fracture, the repair of the femoral neck and the replacement of the hip with a prosthetic.
Spine. These are the most common operations on spinal nerves.
Shoulders. Arthroscopic Surgery can be used to repair the rotator-cuff, distal clavicle or decompress the shoulder. has more information about shoulder injuries.
Knees. The most common procedures for knee problems are the ACL and the MCL. The total replacement of the knee is also common.
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Arthroscopic vs. Traditional Procedures
Orthopedic surgeries can be performed either by traditional methods or using an arthroscope. Open surgery may be necessary in certain cases, but most orthopedic surgeries fall within these two categories. Traditional surgery is more complicated and can take longer to recover than arthroscopic procedures. Incisions are made to the affected parts of the body.
Although arthroscopic procedures may seem less invasive than traditional surgery, it is important to realize that there are still risks. There are still complications that can occur, such as infection at the surgical site or surgical mistakes.
What is an orthopaedic surgeon?
An orthopaedic doctor is a specialist in diagnosing and treating musculoskeletal issues. They can also be called orthopaedic or orthopedic surgeons. Orthopaedic surgeons are responsible for diagnosing and treating patients with disorders of the musculoskeletal systems, which includes joints, muscles, ligaments and nerves. Orthopaedic surgeons can also perform surgery for fractures or other injuries to bone and cartilage.
An orthopaedic surgeon may perform the following types of procedures:
Common Options for Orthopedic Surgery
Hip replacement surgery
The hip is composed of a ball, and socket. Over the course of a lifetime, they accumulate a lot wear and tear. As we age, the cartilage in our hips begins to wear down. hip replacement surgery has become a common form of orthopedic surgery for older adults. The socket and natural ball are removed during the procedure.
A knee replacement procedure or arthroscopic surgery
Total knee replacement surgery means that the entire knee is replaced with metal components. Partial replacement involves only replacing the affected parts of the knee. Knee arthroscopy, a common orthopedic procedure, uses a small camera to locate and correct minor issues within the knee.
Shoulder and rotator-cuff surgery
The shoulder and rotator-cuff replacement surgeries are similar to hip and knee replacement surgery. The metal parts can be used to replace the entire shoulder ball and socket (total replacement), or the affected parts (partial replacement). Arthroscopic procedures can be used to “clean up” damaged cartilage, without the need for artificial parts.